Abelian primitive words

Mike Domaratzki and Narad Rampersad

Abstract. We investigate Abelian primitive words, which are words that are not Abelian powers. We show the set of Abelian primitive words is not context-free. We can determine whether a word is Abelian primitive in linear time. Also different from classical primitive words, we find that a word may have more than one Abelian root. We also consider enumeration of Abelian primitive words.

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